Read 28.) Exodus 19:1-20:21 and 23:20-24:18. God gave the Patriarchs 4 Promises and Prophecies. With many descendants, and now their deliverance out of Egypt and captivity, He has fulfilled 2 of them, and Israel is on its way that God may fulfill a third. At this point, now, God approaches Israel at Sinai to enter into a covenant with them. It’s been 3 months since God brought Israel out of Egypt with the Exodus and Red Sea Crossing. If that was a March/April event, we’re now in a June/July time frame of about 1446 BC. With chapter 19, you must read it slowly, and try to imagine all the sights and sounds the words are prompting. Try to enter into that experience as best you can, and take your emotional cue from verse 16 and 20:18. The whole scene was terrifying! It is at this point that God proclaims His 10 Commandments. Please note, this fear of the Lord was a test. It was to keep them from sinning. How will Israel do with this test? How do we? The ‘fear of the Lord’ is a New Testament concept for Christian believers as well. Do a word study on ‘fear’ and see how it is used some 85 times in the New Testament. Then, remember to fear the Lord, that you might not sin against Him!
Moving to Exodus 23:20 thru 24:18, we find this ‘angel of the Lord’ again for a 10th time! Is this the preincarnate Christ? Is it Jesus? Note the promises God makes to a faithful and obedient Israel. The first is victory in battle, with 23:22+23, but a 2nd promise is physical health, as found with 23:25. We must note, too, that this is all about bringing Israel into The Promised Land, and fulfilling God’s 3rd promise to the Patriarchs. It’s everywhere in verses 23 thru 31.
Now, in chapter 24, we come to something truly huge! It might seem like such a small thing, but it is not. Verse 4 opens by telling us that ‘Moses wrote down everything the Lord had said’. As 2:11 gives us to understand that what followed from there was first-hand, eye-witness testimony, so here, we have word that it was recorded by Moses at the time it took place. We have a faithful and trustworthy record of actual events as they took place by one who was present to see and hear all that was happening. Believe it, and trust it! It is true! With this, we have first evidence that our Bibles were begun to be written by Moses about 1446 BC. The last will be written by the Apostle John, about AD 96, for about a 1,550 year time span, with a 420 year gap between the two Testaments, which I will fully explain much later. This site, Mt Sinai, is in Saudi Arabia, and a search for its discovery by Ron Wyatt and others after him, complete with confirming photos of the scorched mountain top, altar, and column bases, verify all this as real, and neither mythical nor legendary. What happens next is truly awe-inspiring as well. It’s what the Book is all about!
Harold F Crowell